Individual Retirement Account (IRA): Everything You Need to Know

Individual Retirement Account (IRA): Everything You Need to Know

An Individual Retirement Account (IRA) is a long-term savings account for individuals with earned income to save for a secure future after retirement and secure certain tax advantages. This approach is usually taken by individuals who may not have access to workplace retirement accounts.

Studies suggest that more than 33% of workers in private companies do not have access to a workplace retirement plan. In such circumstances, an IRA becomes the best choice to ensure a safe and hassle-free retirement.

Here is all the information you need regarding Individual Retirement Account (IRA).

Types of IRAs

SoFi suggests that understanding the types of IRAs and finding the ideal IRA match is important to ensure that you make the right choice. There are five popular types you can consider, and each comes with its own pros and cons. One must make their choice after a lot of consideration to ensure a comfortable and independent future.

  • Traditional IRA

The first thing to remember before choosing a traditional IRA is that it is often tax deductible. You can access your distributions by the age of 59 ½. Withdrawals before reaching the minimum age limit may result in a penalty. 

The amount of your traditional IRA contribution that you can deduct may be reduced if your spouse also has an active retirement plan and you hit a certain income.

  • Roth IRA

Your contributions to Roth IRAs are not tax-deductible. You can withdraw your contributions without a penalty at any stage. The best part is that you will not have to face taxes on your investment gains achieved after retirement.

If you choose to pay your taxes in the present, you can fight the spikes of inflation in the future. While Roth IRAs can sound great, you must remember their income limits. Your contributions can be decreased and even eliminated when you reach a certain income.


SEP IRAs are ideal for self-employed individuals. Just like in traditional IRAs, your contributions are tax-deductible. Your investments will grow tax-deferred until you retire. You can set aside a consistent amount of money per year toward your retirement. 


SIMPLE IRAs (Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees Individual Retirement Accounts) are useful for businesses with fewer employees than 100. In this type, employer contributions are considered necessary. The contributions made to SIMPLE IRA are tax deductible until retirement.

  • Rollover IRA

Although this type is not considered an IRA account, it is a process that lets you preserve the tax advantages of your old plan and access a wide range of investment options. It is an ideal account for someone switching jobs to keep their money in one place.

Why You Should Invest in IRAs

Many people wonder why IRAs are the right choice for them. It can be an ideal choice for any individual who may not have access to workplace retirement accounts such as the 401(k). 

The money you invest in IRAs gives you more opportunities and choices for investment in comparison to individuals with a 401(k). In addition, choosing the right type of IRA may also allow you to grow your income tax-free to ensure increased retirement income. 

How to Open an IRA?

In order to open an IRA, an individual or their spouse must have income from work. You can get help in the process from mutual fund companies, brokers, and credit unions. Many have different fees and commission rates that must be considered beforehand.

You can also ask the firm you choose to open an IRA account with regarding the best advice for investment. They can provide you with information on making the best investing decisions.